Concept Mapping in Learning Histology from the Viewpoint of Midwifery Students

AUTHORS

Fariba Derakhshan 1 , * , Simin Yazdanfar 2 , Abbas Allami 3

1 M.Sc. of Medical Education, Department of Medical Education, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Iran

2 Ph.D. in Histology, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran, Iran

3 Specialist in Infectious Diseases, Associate Professor, Department of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran, Iran

How to Cite: Derakhshan F , Yazdanfar S , Allami A. Concept Mapping in Learning Histology from the Viewpoint of Midwifery Students , Strides Dev Med Educ. 2017 ; 13(6):e61071.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 13 (6); e61071
Published Online: March 31, 2017
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 30, 2017
Accepted: August 07, 2016

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Concept mapping is an active, creative, and objective practice which improves the advanced learning process and students’ required skills. The aim of this study was the evaluation of concept mapping method in learning histology lessons from the point of view of midwifery students.
Methods: The present research was a descriptive, cross-sectional study. The target population consisted of all first-semester midwifery students of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Iran, in 2015. After concept mapping education, the students were asked to make a concept map of the lessons of the same week and to hand it in the following session. At the end of the semester, students' views regarding the effect of concept mapping on learning were collected by completing the researcher-made questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed in SPSS software. Frequency distribution was presented in the form of frequency tables. One-sample t-test was used to compare the mean score of each question with its mean and 3 (the value of the mean).
Results: In this study, 68.9% of students confirmed the usefulness of concept mapping during the semester. Among the students, 6.9% believed other methods to be more effective. However, 58.6% of students found it effective in memorizing histological terms and 65.5% emphasized that concept mapping helped them better understand histology lessons. Independent t-test results showed a significant difference between the mean score of each question and 3. This revealed that mapping was useful in better understanding (P = 0.003), maintaining terminology (P = 0.004), and answering questions (P = 0.001). In general, the majority of students approved the use of concept mapping as an effective learning method during the term (P < 0.001).
Conclusion: This study showed that concept maps are acceptable among students as a means of learning new information. Therefore, in order to facilitate learning for students, the application of different training strategies, like concept mapping, is suggested in basic medical sciences educations.
 

Keywords

Concept map Learning Histology

© 2017, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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