Students’ Participation in Teaching and its Improvement Methods: A Review Study


Kazem Hosseinzadeh 1 , Fariba Derakhshan 2 , Ramin Sarchami 3 , *

1 Ph.D. in Health Education and Health Promotion, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran, Iran

2 M.Sc. in Medical Education, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Iran

3 Ph.D. in Higher Education Management, Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran, Iran

How to Cite: Hosseinzadeh K , Derakhshan F , Sarchami R . Students’ Participation in Teaching and its Improvement Methods: A Review Study, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2017 ; 13(6):e61062.


Strides in Development of Medical Education: 13 (6); e61062
Published Online: March 31, 2017
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 30, 2017
Accepted: November 06, 2016




Background & Objective: Students’ participation in the classroom is a feature of many educational designs. This can include scholarly and interesting ideas by students and results in the creation of positive energy and enthusiasm in the classroom atmosphere. However, if not managed, students’ participation may cause burnout among teachers and confusion for students. This review study aimed to assess models for students’ participation in the classroom and provide a general guideline to improve it.
Methods: To perform this review study, PRISMA flow diagram was used. First, available scientific websites were searched using the related keywords, and 35 articles were retrieved. Due to inappropriate contents or repetition of ideas, 25 articles were excluded. Thus, 10 articles which had discussed the issue and its guidelines more comprehensively were selected. Parts of the contents were selected and combined to provide a brief guideline for university faculties and instructors.
Results: The selected studies were review studies conducted in Canada and the United States. The contents of the studies included advantages of students’ participation in teaching, strategies to increase participation, reasons for the lack of participation, and classification and evaluation of student participation.
Conclusion: Regarding the importance of students’ participation in the overall quality of teaching, faculties are recommended to try to enhance students’ participation in teaching.


Teaching models Participation in teaching Teaching participative models University student

© 2017, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.




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