The Assessment Methods and its Relationship to Learning Approaches of Nursing Students in Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran

AUTHORS

Abbas Abbaszadeh 1 , Fariba Borhani 2 , Sakineh Sabzevari 3 , * , Zohre Eftekhari 4

1 PhD in Nursing, Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

2 PhD in Nursing, Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

3 PhD in Nursing, Instructor, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

4 Bachelor, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

How to Cite: Abbaszadeh A, Borhani F, Sabzevari S, Eftekhari Z . The Assessment Methods and its Relationship to Learning Approaches of Nursing Students in Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2013 ; 10(2):e60974.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 10 (2); e60974
Published Online: August 31, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 28, 2017
Accepted: February 28, 2013

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Abstract

Background & Objective: There are two basic learning approaches in academic education; deep and surface. If educational assessment is designed based on deep understanding it will lead to deep learning. This study aimed to investigate conventional methods of assessment in medical surgical courses and its relationship with learning approaches in nursing students of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran, in 2010.
Methods: This is a descriptive analytic study. A questionnaire consisting of three sections including personal characteristics, assessment methods, and the revised two-factor study process questionnaire (R-SPQ-2F) was completed by 198 nursing students. Data were analyzed using SPSS and by means, standard deviation, frequency, Student’s t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and Rho. 
Results: The most used assessment methods were multiple choice question (MCQ) and Direct Observation Procedural Skills (DOPS). The mean score of deep learning approach was 34.27 ± 5.006 and of surface learning approach was 31.21 ± 5.52.
Regarding the relationship between learning approaches and assessment methods, results showed a significant difference (P < 0.05). MCQ and DOPS alone resulted in the surface approach, but a combination of tests and projects in written, and DOPS tests lead to deep learning approach in clinical tests (P < 0.05).
Conclusion: Using MCQ and DOPS without concentration on reflection and problem solving lead to surface approach. As common assessment methods in this study led to surface approach, using projects in written and clinical assessment for deep approach, lifelong learning, and student empowerment for their future responsibilities is suggested.
 

Keywords

Learning approaches Student evaluation Assessment methods Nursing students Medical surgical nursing courses

© 2013, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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