The Role of Teachers in Shaping Hidden Curriculum: A Qualitative Study


Leili Mosalanejad 1 , * , Bahar Morshed Behbahani 2

1 Ph.D. in Education Planning, Assistant Professor, Department of Mental Health, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran, Iran

2 M.Sc. in Midwifery, Instructor, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, Iran

How to Cite: Mosalanejad L, Morshed Behbahani B . The Role of Teachers in Shaping Hidden Curriculum: A Qualitative Study , Strides Dev Med Educ. 2013 ; 10(2):e60865.


Strides in Development of Medical Education: 10 (2); e60865
Published Online: May 01, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 26, 2017
Accepted: May 10, 2012




Background & Objective: Hidden curriculum is a broad category that includes all of the unrecognized and sometimes unintended knowledge, values, and beliefs that are part of the learning process in schools and classrooms. The hidden curriculum and ethical education have an integral relationship. The aim of this study is the explanation of teachers’ experiences in shaping hidden curriculum in the form of a qualitative research. 
Methods: This is a qualitative research and data were analyzed using content analysis was applied. Data were collected using in-depth semi-structured interviews and focus groups with 22 teachers in each group. The participants were recruited by purposeful sampling from a mixed group of basic, clinical, and nursing sciences majors.
Results: Qualitative content analysis demonstrated 4 themes and 26 subthemes of the role of the teacher in shaping hidden curriculum. The themes consisted of: 1- factors related to teacher empowerment, 2- interpersonal relationships, 3- the teacher’s personality and ethical characteristics, 4- educational characteristics of the teachers' performance. Each category contained subcategories.
Conclusion: The result showed the role of teachers in shaping hidden curriculum, and the role of this subject in academic, social, ethical, and educational aspects of students. Therefore, we recommend that all teachers, managers, and educational executive managers pay attention to this important program, and that in-service training be considered for faculty members.


Hidden curriculum Qualitative research Academic faculty members

© 2013, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.




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