An Effective Instructor: A Deep Look at Students and Instructors’ Experiences and Perspectives


Akram Sanagoo 1 , * , Leila Jouybari 1

1 Iran

How to Cite: Sanagoo A , Jouybari L. An Effective Instructor: A Deep Look at Students and Instructors’ Experiences and Perspectives, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2010 ; 6(2):e60715.


Strides in Development of Medical Education: 6 (2); e60715
Published Online: January 15, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 22, 2017
Accepted: October 20, 2009




Background & Objective: In a clinical environment where students learn their profession’s
practical skills and become acquainted with their future roles and responsibilities, having a capable
and effective clinical instructor is vital to assure an appropriate atmosphere for learning and
applying skills and organizing learning in a clinical environment. This study aimed to determine
the characteristics of an effective instructor according to nursing & midwifery students and
instructors' point of view.
Methods: In this qualitative phenomenological study, 30 students and 8 instructors of nursing and
midwifery in Gorgan University of Medical Sciences were selected using purposive sampling
method. Data was collected using semi structured, deep and interactive interviews. They were
analyzed using an approach recommended by Collaizi.
Results: The analysis of documents revealed three common concepts of characteristics of an
effective clinical instructor according to the students and instructors' point of view. They included
practical and scientific competencies, educational management competencies and good behavior.
Participants also mentioned a variety of issues as inhibitors for effectiveness of an instructor and
clinical learning. The most important of them were lack of enough facilities, old educational
centers, a paternalistic state created by medical doctors in educational centers, and reluctance of
nursing students to their career.
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that a systematic and alternative thinking is essential for
improvement of a clinical education setting. The enhancement of the instructors’ theoretical and
clinical skills should accompany physical, structural and qualitative changes of educational centers.


Effective instructor Clinical education Nursing student Midwifery student

© 2010, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.


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