Comparing the Effects of Lecture-Based and E-Learning Methods on Learning and Motivation of Participants in Continuing Medical Education


Soghra Omrani 1 , * , Hashem Fardanesh 1 , Issa Ebrahimzade 1 , Mohammad Reza Sarmadi 1 , Mansour Rezaei 1

1 Iran

How to Cite: Omrani S , Fardanesh H , Ebrahimzade I, Sarmadi M R , Rezaei M . Comparing the Effects of Lecture-Based and E-Learning Methods on Learning and Motivation of Participants in Continuing Medical Education, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2012 ; 9(2):e60628.


Strides in Development of Medical Education: 9 (2); e60628
Published Online: January 15, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 21, 2017
Accepted: October 23, 2012




Background & Objective: Education is one of the fundamental pillars for developing capabilities,
skills and competencies in the society. Comparing e-learning and traditional teaching methods help
teachers and educational stakeholders in designing, developing and implementing appropriate
learning courses for learners. The purpose of this study was to compare lecture-based and elearning
methods effects on learning and motivating physicians on the topic of acute respiratory
failure using models, strategies and techniques of instructional design.
Methods: In a quasi-experimental study, 60 general physicians selected by available sampling were
divided into two equal groups (n = 30) based on the two instructional methods. Learning content in
the control group was based on the compiled programs of Continuing Medical Education and in the
e-learning group it was based on the same programs with integration of the instructional design
models. Data were collected in pre-test, post-test using motivation assessing questionnaire using
Merrill and Reigeluth models.
Results: There was no significant difference between pre-test and post-test scores of participants (P
> 0.05). But after educational programs, the motivation of physicians in control group (126.1 ±
3.97) was significantly (P < 0.05) less than experimental group (143.83 ± 5.45).
Conclusion: The results of this study showed a significant increase in participants' motivation after
using electronic medical continuing education.


Electronic learning Lecture-based learning Motivation Continuing medical education.

© 2012, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.


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