Academic Failure and its Underlying Factors in Medical Students of Urmia University of Medical Sciences


Rahim Mohammad Loo 1 , Shahsanam Gheibi 1 , * , Seyed Javad Moosavi Vaezi 1 , Zahra Yekta 1 , Reza Pour Ali 1 , Mahnaz Kafili 1

1 Iran

How to Cite: Mohammad Loo R , Gheibi S, Moosavi Vaezi S J , Yekta Z , Pour Ali R , et al. Academic Failure and its Underlying Factors in Medical Students of Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2010 ; 7(2):e60559.


Strides in Development of Medical Education: 7 (2); e60559
Published Online: January 15, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 20, 2017
Accepted: December 06, 2010




Background & Objective: Academic failure in students of Medicine is one of the important educational issues that deserve serious attempts for the identification of its underlying factors and resolving. This study was designed to find the rate of academic failure and its underlying causes in Medical students of Urmia University of Medical Science.
Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, demographic and academic information of all students of Medicine in clinical setting who had been accepted in Urmia University of Medical Sciences in the academic years of 1999-2001 were collected from their academic files. Data were analyzed through SPSS and using Chi-square and t-tests. Statistical significant level was considered 0.05.
Results: A total of 176 academic files belonged to the entrant students in 2000 (n=71), 2001 (n=48) and 2002 (n=55) were studied. The rate of academic failure was 22.3% in basic sciences period, 0.7% in pre-internship period and 26.5% in internship period. Failure rate in pre-external examination was 11.56% and in pre-internal examination it was 5.6%. Academic failure showed significant relationship with class non-attendance (p<0.01) and the gap between high school graduation and university entrance (p<0.03).
Conclusion: Since approximately half of the students experience at least one failure course, it is necessary to pay attention to the causes of this problem in order to improve the quality of educational programs.


Academic failure Medical students Risk factors.

© 2010, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.


   Fulltext is available in pdf 


  • 1.

    Reference is available in pdf