Designing a Valid and Reliable Tool for Assessing Academic Educational Environment in Health Schools of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences

AUTHORS

Mandana Shirazi 1 , Taimor Aghamolaei 2 , * , Ideh Dadgaran 3 , Amin Ghanbarnejad 4

1 Ph.D. in Medical Education, Associate Professor, Department of Medical Education, Medical Education Development Center, Virtual School AND School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Iran

2 M.Sc. Student in Medical Education, Virtual School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran & Associate Professor, Department of Public Health, School of Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran, Iran

3 Ph.D. in Nursing Education, Assistant Professor, Medical Education Research Center, Medical Education Development Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran, Iran

4 Ph.D. in Biostatistics, Lecturer, Department of Public Health, School of Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran, Iran

How to Cite: Shirazi M , Aghamolaei T, Dadgaran I , Ghanbarnejad A . Designing a Valid and Reliable Tool for Assessing Academic Educational Environment in Health Schools of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2014 ; 11(1):e60546.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 11 (1); e60546
Published Online: May 31, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 20, 2017
Accepted: October 19, 2013

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Background & Objective: Educational environment is an important determinant in success of a curriculum. The quality of educational environment is one of the elements of effective learning. The aim of this study was designing a valid and reliable tool for assessing academic educational environment in schools of health.
Methods: Using a theoretical sampling method, eight students and three faculty members of School of Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences (Iran) were interviewed and 81 items related to educational environment were extracted. These items were classified in six domains including school atmosphere, teaching, faculty members, students, educational equipments and facilities, and physical environment. Expert panels and assessing item impact were used to determine face validity, and content validity ratio and index were used to determine content validity of the tool. To determine its construct validity, 250 students in completed the questionnaires and confirmatory factor analysis was applied. Reliability of the tool was determined by Cronbach’s Alpha and intracluster correlation coefficient. 
Results: Due to expert panel and calculating item impact, and content validity ratio and index, the tool items decreased from 81 to 56. The results of confirmatory factor analysis showed that all of factor loadings were significant in level of 0.05. Cronbach’s Alpha for total items was 0.94 and for six domains ranged from 0.65 to 0.85. Moreover, intracluster correlation coefficient for total items was 0.94.
Conclusion: The designed tool has good validity and reliability and can be used as a suitable tool for assessing academic educational environment in schools of health.
 

Keywords

Educational environment School of health Questionnaire Validity Reliability

© 2014, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

 

References

  • 1.

    Reference is available in pdf

  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: