360-degree Evaluation Method in Clinical Evaluation of Residents: a Pilot Study on Feasibility, Validity and Reliability


Nouzar Nakhaee 1 , * , Ali Reza Saeed 1

1 Iran

How to Cite: Nakhaee N, Saeed A R . 360-degree Evaluation Method in Clinical Evaluation of Residents: a Pilot Study on Feasibility, Validity and Reliability, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2010 ; 7(2):e60516.


Strides in Development of Medical Education: 7 (2); e60516
Published Online: January 15, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 20, 2017
Accepted: October 20, 2010




Background & Objective: The 360-degree evaluation method is used to assess residents, performance by means other than attends’ opinions. Resident evaluation instruments such as questionnaires for 360-degree assessment should be feasible, reliable and valid. The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and psychometric properties of the 360-degree assessment questionnaires.
Methods: At first questionnaires were developed based on an extensive literature review and expert panel. Six-item questionnaires were distributed to a consecutive sample of residents (self & peers), medical students, nurses, and patients. Mean scores of respondents in each category were calculated. Cronbach’s alpha was computed to examine the internal consistency. Factor analysis was used to clarify the factoral structure of the data. Spearman correlation coefficient was computed to examine the correlation between the evaluators, scores.
Results: Except for faculty members and to some extent patients, all evaluators completed the questionnaires. The cronbach’s alpha for all of the five instruments were above 0.95. Content validity was acceptable according to the literature reviews and expert panel. Factor analysis revealed all six items loaded on a single factor. A majority (80%) of correlation coefficients were not significant for evaluators, scores.
Conclusion: Based on this pilot study, 360-degree assessment tools are feasible, reliable, and valid measures to evaluate core competencies of residents.


Questionnaire Evaluation Medical Education Residents

© 2010, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.


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