The Opinions of Students in Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences about studying in Digital and printed Environments


tayebeh negahban 1 , * , Ali Ansari 1

1 Iran

How to Cite: negahban T, Ansari A. The Opinions of Students in Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences about studying in Digital and printed Environments, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2011 ; 8(2):e59708.


Strides in Development of Medical Education: 8 (2); e59708
Published Online: January 15, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 08, 2017
Accepted: October 05, 2011




Background and Objectives: Rapid development of information and communication technology
and increasing rate of using electronic media have influenced peoples’ studying behaviors and
change of studying behaviors toward studying in digital environments has become a controversial
issue. In regard to the variety of theories about the efficacy of digital and printed sources in
learning process, the present study was performed to survey the opinions of students in Rafsanjan
University of Medical Sciences about studying in digital and printed environments.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, studying behaviors of 368 students in Rafsanjan University
of Medical Sciences in printed and digital environments were surveyed through a researcher-made
questionnaire. Sampling was done by stratified random method and based on the number of
students in each faculty and field of study. The inclusion criterion was using digital sources for at
least one academic semester. Data analysis was performed by using descriptive statistics, χ2 and
Fisher Exact tests. Statistical significant level was considered as p<0/05.
Results: Fifty percent of the subjects preferred printed and 26/9% preferred digital sources for
studying. According to the students, studying in printed environments has the benefits of
continuous concentration (71.7%), deeper concentration (72.8%), better comprehension (60.2%),
more profound comprehension (78.2%), more convenient note taking (71.7%) and highlighting
(72.2%) and longer studying hours (71.4%), while electronic environments provide access to upto-
date information in a more convenient (75.6%), cost-effective (51.4%) and rapid (67.9%) ways.
Conclusion: Further studies in order to design more efficient digital libraries and training students
for better use of digital environments leading to continuous comprehension are necessary.


Study behavior Digital environment Printed environment Students’ opinions

© 2011, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.


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