Medical Students’ Learning Styles in Birjand University of Medical Sciences

AUTHORS

Mohsen Naseri 1 , * , Saeed Kalbasi 1 , Gholamreza Sharifzadeh 1 , Ali Poursafar 1

1 Iran

How to Cite: Naseri M , Kalbasi S , Sharifzadeh G , Poursafar A . Medical Students’ Learning Styles in Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2009 ; 5(1):e58557.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 5 (1); e58557
Published Online: July 25, 2008
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 23, 2017
Accepted: February 19, 2008

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Learning and its improvement are the foundation of all activities in
educational systems. One of the most important effective factors on students’ learning is their learning
style. Being aware of the learning style used by students, help teachers to assist the students for a
better use of different learning styles; On the other hand, teachers can change their own educational
style according to the students’ learning style to reach maximum level of efficacy. This research was
performed in order to identify medical students’ learning styles in 2007.
Methods: In this descriptive study, a questionnaire including demographic questions and Kolb
Learning Style Inventory was distributed amongst all medical students who were attending the first
semester of 2007 in Birjand University of Medical Sciences. This tool allows classification of learning
styles into 4 groups: converging, accommodating, assimilating, and diverging.
Results: Among 267 distributed questionnaires, 175 were filled by students. 68 percent of students
were female, mean (±SD) age of the students was 22(±2.5) and their grade point average was
16.5(±1.5). The most prevalent learning style was converging (52%) followed by assimilating (28.6%),
diverging (9.7%) and accommodating (9.7%). There was no significant relationship between learning
style and age, sex, educational level, and grade point average.
Conclusion: Considering that people with converging learning style are competent in solving
problems, it necessitates that teachers at universities change their traditional methods into new ones
like Problem Base Learning (PBL) and Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) so that they help students
learn immense medical information.

Keywords

Learning Style Medical student Kolb

© 2009, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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