The Rate of Knowledge and Practice of Medical Residents of Shiraz Medical School in Regard to Evidence-based Medicine


Mitra Amini 1 , * , Mohammad Mehdi Sagheb 1 , Mohsen Moghadami 1 , Sedighe Shayegh 1

1 Iran

How to Cite: Amini M, Sagheb M M, Moghadami M , Shayegh S . The Rate of Knowledge and Practice of Medical Residents of Shiraz Medical School in Regard to Evidence-based Medicine, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2008 ; 4(1):e58434.


Strides in Development of Medical Education: 4 (1); e58434
Published Online: July 28, 2007
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 22, 2017
Accepted: March 20, 2007




Background & Objective: Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is defined as the application of the
best research evidence in making decisions in the management of the individual patient. EBM, due
to its importance, has obtained great consideration in recent years. This study was designed to
determine the knowledge of Medical residents in Shiraz School of Medicine about EBM and the
application of it by them.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study performed in 2006, 71 residents of Shiraz School of
Medicine were studied by using a questionnaire. The validity of the questionnaire was approved by
getting experts’ opinions and internal consistency reliability was determined in a pilot study.
Results: In whole, 93.9% of residents had positive attitudes toward EBM, but 80.3% of them
reported that they had not passed any formal education in this field. From all participants,
85% have access to internet but more than 70% of them were not aware of EBM resources and
60.9% of them mentioned that for the management of their patients during the previous year they
had used Medline or other search engines less than 10 times.
Conclusion: According to the obtained results, in spite of positive attitude toward EBM and
internet access, residents have not yet integrated the use of EBM with their professional practice
widely, and also they are not familiar with specific EBM Sites. This may be due to the lack of
education in the field of EBM. Because of the important role of Medical residents in making
clinical decisions and also their role in training Medical students, inclusion of EBM training
courses in their educational program is highly necessary.


Evidence-based Medicine Medical resident Knowledge

© 2008, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.


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