The Relationship of Health Behavior with Self-esteem and Self-efficacy in Students of Yazd Shahid Sadooghi University of Medical Sciences (2005)


Seid Saeed Mazloomy Mahmoodabad 1 , * , ali mehri 1 , Mohammad ali Morowatisharifabad 1

1 Iran

How to Cite: Mazloomy Mahmoodabad S S , mehri A, Morowatisharifabad M A . The Relationship of Health Behavior with Self-esteem and Self-efficacy in Students of Yazd Shahid Sadooghi University of Medical Sciences (2005), Strides Dev Med Educ. 2007 ; 3(2):e58246.


Strides in Development of Medical Education: 3 (2); e58246
Published Online: January 10, 2007
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 18, 2017
Accepted: October 11, 2006




Background: Health behaviors refer to activities done for maintaining, supporting and improving individual health status regardless of actual or present health status. There are some evidences showing direct relationship between health behavior and educational success.

Objective: This study was done to determine the relationship between self-esteem and self-efficacy with health behaviors among students of Yazd Shahid Sadooghi University of Medical Sciences.

Methods: This correlational study was performed on 309 students selected by stratified random sampling. Data gathering was done by using a questionnaire that its validity and reliability had been approved respectively by experts and calculating kronbach's-alpha coefficient (0.78 for
self-esteem, 87% for self-efficacy and 0.74 for health behavior).

Results: According to the results, students got 60.7% of the self-esteem score, 62.3% of the
self-efficacy score and 74.8% of the health behavior score. Health behavior showed significant relationship with self-esteem (r= 0.14, P=0.013) and self-efficacy (r= 0.31, P=0.000). Regression analysis  showed  that  age ,sex, family size, self-esteem and self-efficacy  all together  explain 15.9% of  health behaviors variance and among them, self-efficacy was the  most  important predicting factor.

Conclusion: Health behavior in studied students was favorable in general, but it was poor in regard to physical activity. Since the results of this study showed the relationship of self-esteem and
self- efficacy with health behaviors and role of these factors on educational success, planning for improving self-esteem, self- efficacy and consequently health behaviors are recommended.


Self- esteem Self-efficacy Health Behaviors Students

© 2007, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.


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