Study on the Causes of Students' Academic probation in Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, 2001-2002


Seyyed M. Mehdi Hazavehie 1 , * , Yadollah Fathei 1 , Mehri Shamshirei 1

1 Iran

How to Cite: Hazavehie S M M , Fathei Y , Shamshirei M . Study on the Causes of Students' Academic probation in Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, 2001-2002, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2007 ; 3(1):e57868.


Strides in Development of Medical Education: 3 (1); e57868
Published Online: July 01, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 09, 2017
Accepted: April 11, 2006




Background: One of the priorities of research in education is study about the causes of students'
failure during their academic work.
Objective: To investigate the causes of students’ academic failure and probation.
Methods: In this case-control study, 761 volunteer students in Hamadan University of Medical
Sciences' during fall and spring semesters of 2001-2002 were participated. Students were divided into
two groups. Case group consisted of 43 students who had academic failure leading to their probation
and control group consisted of 718 students who were successful in their study program. Data
collection was done by a questionnaire designed based on eight main factors in learning process
including: method of teaching, evaluation, educational materials, planning for the semester courses,
personal characteristics, environmental problems, academic environment, and accessibility of
academic advisors. The questionnaire was used after reliability and validity evaluation.
Results: The percentage of academic probation was higher in boys (9.4%) compared to girls (4.3%).
Among eight factors affecting learning process, there was a significant difference (P= 0.014) between
the two groups in their mean score of opinions about the method of teaching (3.56 ± 1.16 in the case
group vs. 3.59± 0.98 in the control group). There was also significant difference between the two
groups in regard to mean score of the personal characteristics (4.36 ± 1.26 in case group vs. 4.76
±1.08 in control group, P= 0.023). The obtained mean scores for method of teaching and personal
characteristics of the students was significantly higher according to the students who had a score
below 10 for at least 1 course. Mean scores of method of teaching and environmental & educational
problems were significantly higher according to the students who had a score between 10-12 in at least
one course (P<0.05).
Conclusion: In conclusion, the factors such as instructors' teaching method, students' personal
characteristics and their living conditions, sex and high school grade point average have significant
effects on academic failure and probation. Attention to these factors in planning educational programs
has a critical role on decreasing the rate of students' academic probation and failure.


Academic probation Medical Students Academic Failure Teaching Methods Evaluation

© 2007, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.


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