Prediction of Learning Styles Using Students’ Self-esteem


Hajar Shafian 1 , mansooreh Azizzade Forouzi 2 , * , Behshid Garrusi 3 , Ali-Akbar Haghdoost 4

1 M.Sc. in Medical Education, Education Development Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

2 M.Sc. in Nursing, Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Lecturer, Department of Internal-Surgical Nursing, Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

3 Ph.D. in Psychiatry, Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

4 Ph.D. in Epidemiology, Professor, Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

How to Cite: Shafian H , Azizzade Forouzi M, Garrusi B , Haghdoost A. Prediction of Learning Styles Using Students’ Self-esteem , Strides Dev Med Educ. 2016 ; 13(5):e57525.


Strides in Development of Medical Education: 13 (5); e57525
Published Online: December 22, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 04, 2017
Accepted: April 18, 2016




Background & Objective: Learning style is a distinctive, habitual behavior to gain knowledge, skills, or feedback attained through study or experience. The key to engaging students in learning the content is identifying their preferences and learning styles as well as identifying factors influencing these variables. To reach this goal, predictive variables of learning styles should be accurately identified in order to improve the learning environment. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between learning styles and self-esteem in students of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

Methods: This descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study was carried out on 343 students selected through quota sampling method. The data collection tools consisted of a demographic information form, the Kolb Learning Style Inventory (LSI) version 2, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). Data were analyzed using chi-square test, Spearman’s correlation coefficient, linear regression, and logistic regression.

Results: The mean (± SD) age of the participants was 21.41 (± 2.96), and 44.3% of students used absorbent learning style. In addition, 60.9% of students had poor self-esteem. No statistically significant association was observed between students’ learning styles and levels of confidence. In addition, the results showed that only gender was a prognostic factor in determining learning styles.

Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the students’ self-esteem and learning styles were not correlated; thus, teachers can disregard these factors in their assessment of students' learning styles.


Learning style Self-esteem Medical students Predictors

© 2016, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.


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