Strides in Development of Medical Education

Published by: Kowsar

Training Professionalism Using Hidden Curriculum in an Internship Course: Account of Experiences of Undergraduate Students of Surgical Technology

Soheyla Kalantary 1 , Maryam Chehrehgosha 2 , 3 , Nadia Shirazi 4 , Mehri Behmadi 4 , Fereshte Araghian Mojarad 5 , * and Leila Jouybari 6
Authors Information
1 Paramedical School, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
2 Paramedical School, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Iran
3 University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Student Research Committee, Golestan University of Medical Science, Gorgan, Iran
5 Student Research Committee, Buyeh Nursing and Midwifery School, Golestan University of Medical Science, Gorgan, Iran
6 Nursing Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
Article information
  • Strides in Development of Medical Education: 15 (1); e65704
  • Published Online: February 23, 2019
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: August 31, 2017
  • Revised: October 28, 2018
  • Accepted: October 28, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/sdme.65704

To Cite: Kalantary S, Chehrehgosha M, Shirazi N, Behmadi M, Araghian Mojarad F, et al. Training Professionalism Using Hidden Curriculum in an Internship Course: Account of Experiences of Undergraduate Students of Surgical Technology, Strides Dev Med Educ. Online ahead of Print ; 15(1):e65704. doi: 10.5812/sdme.65704.

Abstract
Copyright © 2019, Strides in Development of Medical Education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
Footnotes
References
  • 1. Kittmer T, Hoogenes J, Pemberton J, Cameron BH. Exploring the hidden curriculum: a qualitative analysis of clerks' reflections on professionalism in surgical clerkship. Am J Surg. 2013;205(4):426-33. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2012.12.001. [PubMed: 23313441].
  • 2. Sethuraman KR. Professionalism in medicine. Region Health Forum. 2006;10(1):1-10.
  • 3. Saberi A, Nemati SH, Fakhrieh Asl S, Haydarzadeh A, Fahimi A. [Professionalism and role modeling of the teacher training Guilan University of Medical Sciences from the perspective of university assistants]. Strides Dev Med Educ. 2013;10(2):100-6. Persian.
  • 4. Akbari Famed S. [An overview of the evaluation of medical professionals]. J Med Hist. 2011;3(8):119-39. Persian.
  • 5. Wagner P, Hendrich J, Moseley G, Hudson V. Defining medical professionalism: a qualitative study. Med Educ. 2007;41(3):288-94. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2929.2006.02695.x. [PubMed: 17316214].
  • 6. Coulehan J. Viewpoint: today's professionalism: engaging the mind but not the heart. Acad Med. 2005;80(10):892-8. doi: 10.1097/00001888-200510000-00004. [PubMed: 16186604].
  • 7. Whitcomb ME. Medical professionalism: can it be taught? Acad Med. 2005;80(10):883-4. doi: 10.1097/00001888-200510000-00004. [PubMed: 16186602].
  • 8. Yamani N, Liaghatdar MJ, Changiz T, Adibi P. [How do medical students learn professionalism during clinical education? A qualitative study of faculty members' and interns' experiences]. Iran J Med Educ. 2010;9(4):382-94. Persian.
  • 9. Weurlander M, Lonn A, Seeberger A, Broberger E, Hult H, Wernerson A. How do medical and nursing students experience emotional challenges during clinical placements? Int J Med Educ. 2018;9:74-82. doi: 10.5116/ijme.5a88.1f80. [PubMed: 29587248]. [PubMed Central: PMC5952306].
  • 10. Mulder H, Ter Braak E, Chen HC, Ten Cate O. Addressing the hidden curriculum in the clinical workplace: A practical tool for trainees and faculty. Med Teach. 2018:1-8. doi: 10.1080/0142159X.2018.1436760. [PubMed: 29490529].
  • 11. Lawrence C, Mhlaba T, Stewart KA, Moletsane R, Gaede B, Moshabela M. The hidden curricula of medical education: A scoping review. Acad Med. 2018;93(4):648-56. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000002004. [PubMed: 29116981]. [PubMed Central: PMC5938158].
  • 12. Hafferty FW, Franks R. The hidden curriculum, ethics teaching, and the structure of medical education. Acad Med. 1994;69(11):861-71. [PubMed: 7945681].
  • 13. Rogers DA, Boehler ML, Roberts NK, Johnson V. Using the hidden curriculum to teach professionalism during the surgery clerkship. J Surg Educ. 2012;69(3):423-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2011.09.008. [PubMed: 22483148].
  • 14. Jafree SR, Zakar R, Fischer F, Zakar MZ. Ethical violations in the clinical setting: the hidden curriculum learning experience of Pakistani nurses. BMC Med Ethics. 2015;16:16. doi: 10.1186/s12910-015-0011-2. [PubMed: 25888967]. [PubMed Central: PMC4369076].
  • 15. Karimi Z, Ashktorab T, Mohammadi E, Abedi H, Zarea K. Resources of learning through hidden curriculum: Iranian nursing students' perspective. J Educ Health Promot. 2015;4:57. doi: 10.4103/2277-9531.162368. [PubMed: 26430684]. [PubMed Central: PMC4579768].
  • 16. Kalantary S, Jouybari L, Araghian Mojarrad F, Chehreh Gosha M. [Hidden curriculum management using the reflection group to achieve clinical competence]. Strides Dev Med Educ. 2015;12(5):791-2. Persian.
  • 17. Arnold RM. Formal, informal, and hidden curriculum in the clinical years: where is the problem? J Palliat Med. 2007;10(3):646-8. doi: 10.1089/jpm.2007.9958. [PubMed: 17592972].
  • 18. Gaufberg EH, Batalden M, Sands R, Bell SK. The hidden curriculum: what can we learn from third-year medical student narrative reflections? Acad Med. 2010;85(11):1709-16. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181f57899. [PubMed: 20881818].
  • 19. Kavas MV, Demiroren M, Kosan AM, Karahan ST, Yalim NY. Turkish students' perceptions of professionalism at the beginning and at the end of medical education: A cross-sectional qualitative study. Med Educ Online. 2015;20:26614. doi: 10.3402/meo.v20.26614. [PubMed: 25795382]. [PubMed Central: PMC4368711].
  • 20. Office of Preservation of the Works of the Grand Ayatullah Khamenei. The twentieth century vision of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the horizon of 1404. 2003, [cited 2003 Nov 3]. Persian. Available from: http://farsi.khamenei.ir/message-content?id=9034.
  • 21. Iman MT, Noushadi MR. [Qualitative content analysis]. Pazhuhesh. 2011;3(2):1-16. Persian.
  • 22. Graneheim UH, Lundman B. Qualitative content analysis in nursing research: Concepts, procedures and measures to achieve trustworthiness. Nurse Educ Today. 2004;24(2):105-12. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2003.10.001. [PubMed: 14769454].
  • 23. Strubert Speziale H, Alen J, Carpenter D. Qualitative research in nursing. Philadelphia: Williams & Wilkings; 2003.
  • 24. Dyrbye LN, Thomas MR, Shanafelt TD. Medical student distress: causes, consequences, and proposed solutions. Mayo Clin Proc. 2005;80(12):1613-22. doi: 10.4065/80.12.1613. [PubMed: 16342655].
  • 25. Weaver R, Wilson I. Australian medical students' perceptions of professionalism and ethics in medical television programs. BMC Med Educ. 2011;11:50. doi: 10.1186/1472-6920-11-50. [PubMed: 21798068]. [PubMed Central: PMC3162942].
  • 26. Jeffrey J, Dumont RA, Kim GY, Kuo T. Effects of international health electives on medical student learning and career choice: Results of a systematic literature review. Fam Med. 2011;43(1):21-8. [PubMed: 21213133].
  • 27. Karimyar Jahromi M, Hojat M, Karami Z. [Evaluation students 'awareness of patients' rights in clinical students of Jahrom Medical University]. Nurs Res. 2015;10(3):1-10. Persian.
  • 28. Torabizadeh C, Ebrahimi H, Mohammadi E. [The relationship between privacy and diginity]. Med Ethic. 2012;6(19):19-33. Persian.
  • 29. Mirmoghtadaie ZS, Ahmadi S, Hosseini MA. [Exploring the process of professionalism in clinical eductin]. Res Med Educ. 2013;5(2):46-54. Persian. doi: 10.18869/acadpub.rme.5.2.46.
  • 30. Yousefi-Maghsoudbeiki H, Naderi M, Tajmiri M, Daryabeigi R. [Privacy as an aspect of human dignity in nursing]. J Educ Ethic Nurs. 2014;2(4):21-7. Persian.
  • 31. Peymani Z, Asadikalameh Z, Sherafat M. [Evaluation of sex proportion to health care staff in operating room: An ethical evaluation]. Iran J Med Educ. 2009;2(4):37-46. Persian.
  • 32. Dehghani F, Abbasinia M, Heidari A, Mohammad Salehi N, Firoozi F, Shakeri M. Patient’s View about the Protection of Privacy by Healthcare Practitioners in Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Qom, Iran. Iran J Nurs. 2016;28(98):58-66. doi: 10.29252/ijn.28.98.58.
  • 33. Jouzi M, Vanaki Z, Mohammadi E. [The essence of nursing student`s clinical competency in internship period: Humanistic patient-centered care]. J Educ Ethics Nurs. 2014;(4):51-9. Persian.
  • 34. Mostaghimi A, Olszewski AE, Bell SK, Roberts DH, Crotty BH. Erosion of Digital Professionalism During Medical Students' Core Clinical Clerkships. JMIR Med Educ. 2017;3(1). e9. doi: 10.2196/mededu.6879. [PubMed: 28468745]. [PubMed Central: PMC5438450].
  • 35. Mousavi MH, Dargahi H, Hasibi M, Mokhtari Z, Shaham G. [Evaluation of safety standards in operating rooms of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) Hospitals in 2010]. J Paramed Sci. 2011;5(2):10-7. Persian.
  • 36. Nabilou B, Rasouli J, Khalilzadeh H. [Patient safety status in medical education: Students perception, knowledg and attitude]. Res Med Educ. 2013;5(2):23-31. Persian. doi: 10.18869/acadpub.rme.5.2.23.
  • 37. Suikkala A, Leino-Kilpi H. Nursing student-patient relationship: a review of the literature from 1984 to 1998. J Adv Nurs. 2001;33(1):42-50. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2648.2001.01636.x. [PubMed: 11155107].
  • 38. Haider SI, Snead DR, Bari MF. Medical Students' Perceptions of Clinical Teachers as Role Model. PLoS One. 2016;11(3). e0150478. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0150478. [PubMed: 26959364]. [PubMed Central: PMC4784941].
  • 39. Yamani N, Changiz T, Adibi P. Professionalism and hidden curriculum in medical education. Isfahan: Isfahan University of Medical Sciences; 2013. Persian.
  • 40. Mossallanejad L, Morshed Behbahani B. [The role of teachers in shaping hidden curriculum: A qualitative study]. Strides Dev Med Educ. 2013;10(2):130-41. Persian.

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments