A Systematic Review of the Evaluation of Academic Decline in Medical Students

AUTHORS

Ladan Farta 1 , Sheida Azari 2 , * , Hamid Baradaran 3 , Rosha Atlasi 4

1 Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology, Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Iran

2 M.Sc. in Clinical Psychology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Iran

3 Ph.D. in Epidemiology, Associate Professor, Department of Epidemiology, Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Iran

4 Iran

How to Cite: Farta L, Azari S , Baradaran H , Atlasi R . A Systematic Review of the Evaluation of Academic Decline in Medical Students, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2013 ; 10(2):e60872.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 10 (2); e60872
Published Online: May 01, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 26, 2017
Accepted: May 05, 2013

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Students’ academic decline is one of the major problems of higher education institute in the country. For this reason, many studies have been performed on this subject, but they have achieved different results. This study aims to collect and compare researches carried out nationwide on this subject.

Methods: Using the information on online systems and databases such as Iranmedex, Sid, Magiran, PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and Science Direct Eric, the keywords "Medical students", "educational failure", "academic growth" and "academic achievement" were searched. The papers were divided into two categories of related and unrelated.

Results: From the total of 152 papers the irrelevant articles were eliminated, and from the 32 remaining papers only 9 articles had the required criteria for the study. In terms of content analysis, sex, accommodating in dormitory, employment, marital status, age, pass rate, noticeable gap between acquiring diploma and university entrance were considered as affecting factors on academic decline.

Conclusion: These factors can be considered as effective factors in academic decline since they are common in previous published articles. However, in these articles academic decline determinants are different and no specific cut point has been defined. Due to the importance of the subject and its effects on academic decline it is recommended that it be specified.

Keywords

Academic decline Medical students Systematic review

© 2013, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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