An Evaluation of Exam Questions Designed by Faculty Members, Emphasizing on the Multiple Choice Question Structure, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, 2007
Strides in Development of Medical Education: July 31, 2010, 6 (2); e60718
January 15, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
August 22, 2017
October 08, 2009
A, Khosravi Borojeni
A , Mozaffari
H. An Evaluation of Exam Questions Designed by Faculty Members, Emphasizing on the Multiple Choice Question Structure, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, 2007,
Strides Dev Med Educ.
Background & Objective: Evaluation of educational achievement is an important part of an
educational process; such an evaluation is possible via holding exams. Multiple Choice Question
(MCQ), as an objective testing method, is the most common tool for evaluating students. Hence,
this study was conducted to evaluate the exam questions designed by faculty members with
emphasis on the MCQ structure in Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences.
Methods: In this descriptive study, questions designed by 197 non-clinician faculty members were
analyzed. Data was collected using a checklist including demographic information, properties of
exam questions, and items related to comparing MCQs with design rules of such questions.
Results: The results revealed that 8.1% of the questions developed by faculty members were essay,
55.32% and 36.54% were objective and a combination of essay and objective, respectively. Among
a total of 5208 evaluated questions, 64.96% contained no structural flaw. The most common flaws
included ambiguous or unclear question stems (15.94%), use of negative verb in the stem (12.22%),
using “all” or “none” among option (10.85%), and use of blank space in the beginning or middle of
the stem (10.41%). Almost 90% of the MCQs were at cognitive level (taxonomy I).
Conclusion: Due to the importance of developing standard questions corresponding to guidelines
for MCQs in acceptable exams, regular revision of exam questions and further training courses for
designing questions is recommended.
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