Students’ Perception toward Elements of Globalization in Four Interdisciplinary Summer Schools in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in Iran


Leila Bazrafkan 1 , * , Nikoo Yamani 2 , Mahsa Shakour 3 , Athar Omid 3 , Zahra Johari 4 , Azadeh Rooholamini 5


1 PhD Student in Medical Education, Instructor, Department of Medical Education, Medical Education Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran, Iran

2 PhD in Curriculum Planning, Associate Professor, Department of Curriculum, Medical Education Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran, Iran

3 PhD Student in Medical Education, Medical Education Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran, Iran

4 Associate Professor, Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Iran

5 MSc Student in Medical Education Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, Iran


Strides in Development of Medical Education: 10 (3); e60696
Published Online: October 01, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 22, 2017
Accepted: August 27, 2013




Background & Objective: Globalization is one of the most important topics in higher education today, which presents a powerful challenge and an opportunity for medical sciences university and healthcare provider. Nowadays, increasingly faced with healthcare challenges that require an understanding of global health trends and practices, yet little is known about what constitutes appropriate global health training. The main purpose of this research was to review the association between perception of globalization and information mastery and curriculum planning.

Methods: This was a descriptive-analytical study on medical students. The study population consisted of 180 medical sciences students who were selected with random sampling methods. In order to measure attitudes of students towards globalization, measures were developed and used by researchers. For the purpose of evaluating of the validity of the measures, construct validity was utilized by factor analysis. In order to determine the reliability of the measures Cronbach's alpha was used, as well.

Results: Findings indicated that the total respondents agreed or had positive approach towards globalization. Based on the results of the factor analysis, four factors i.e. personal and social attitude with 15 questions, sociopolitical attitude, and 7 question, two questions for performance and the fourth factor was the resource management concept of globalization which were identified with only one question in the questionnaire. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) results showed that there was no statistically significant association the students' perspective and demographic variables gender, school and age.

Conclusion: The positive perception of globalization highlighted the needs of global health educational competencies and approaches used in medical schools and the need to facilitate greater consensus amongst medical educators and students on appropriate global health training for future health care providers. This process led to world integration, density of human awareness and world culture formation


Globalization Medical sciences students Factor analysis

© 2013, Strides in Development of Medical Education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.


  • 1. Reference is available in pdf