Evaluating the Nursing Clinical Decision in Hospitals of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran, after Evidence-based Nursing Education and Comparison with a Control Group

AUTHORS

Esmat Nouhi 1 , Asma Abdollah-Yar 2 , * , Tayebeh Fasihi Harandy 3

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery AND Medical Education Development Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

2 M.Sc. Student, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj , Iran, Iran

How to Cite: Nouhi E, Abdollah-Yar A , Fasihi Harandy T. Evaluating the Nursing Clinical Decision in Hospitals of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran, after Evidence-based Nursing Education and Comparison with a Control Group, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2014 ; 11(2):e60454.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 11 (2); e60454
Published Online: April 28, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 19, 2017
Accepted: August 24, 2013

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Abstract

Background & Objective: In addition to teaching pre-designed courses, physicians are usually expected to participate directly in designing curriculum during their professional life. Today, traditional education systems are not sufficient for developing the expected competencies in physicians. One of the applications of new advancements by cognitive science in curriculum design is the development of strategies for improving the quality of the undergraduate medical education curriculum. Educational strategies are “fundamental, oriented decisions in teaching that are aimed to achieve educational goals.”

Methods: This article was a narrative review that introduced and explained the most important educational strategies in undergraduate medical curriculum, through surveying valid electronic and library resources.

Results: Now, the most important educational strategies in undergraduate medical curriculum are a series of student-centered, problem-based learning, integrated or inter-professional teaching, community-based, elective-driven and systematic strategies (SPICES), and also a set of strategies that are product-focused, relevant, inter-professional, short courses, multisite locations and symbiotic (PRISMS); and a group of realistic, integrated, feedback, learning and evaluation strategies (RIFLE), as well.

Conclusion: Each strategy is represented as a spectrum. In each spectrum, the educational planner must define the position of every component of the curriculum. In order to apply these strategies, the curriculum must be intervened according to the selected strategy; so that the results of the evaluations and the evidence of interventions ensure the planners that the quality of the curriculum is improved.

Keywords

Education Medical Undergraduate Curriculum Strategy Educational strategy Quality improvement

© 2014, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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