The Application of Multilevel Linear Models and Generalized Estimating Equations to Evaluate the Quality of Professors’ Teaching in Various Semesters

AUTHORS

Mohammad Reza Baneshi 1 , * , Maliheh Rezaei 2 , Somayeh Shahroudi 2 , Farzaneh Zolala 3 , Maryam Okhovati 4 , Ali-Akbar Haghdoost 5

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 PhD in Marv Epidemiology and Biostatistics PhD , Associate Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

2 M.Sc. Student in Epidemiology, Iranian Student Research Committee, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

3 PhD in Epidemiology, Assistant Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

4 PhD in Information Sciences, Assistant Professor, Department of Library Sciences, Medical Informatics Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

5 PhD in Epidemiology, Professor, Department of Epidemiology, Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 11 (2); e60352
Published Online: April 28, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 16, 2017
Accepted: December 22, 2013

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Improving the quality of education is the most central values of academic institutions and higher education. Given professors have played a decisive role in this context, -for assessing the quality of education- we need to evaluate the quality of instruction. One of the common methods for professors’ evaluation is evaluation by students, that it usually takes place at the end of each semester. With regard to the professors’ evaluation, data are of various types: the longitudinal data or repeated measurements over time, therefore to evaluate it; the quality of instruction should be used with longitudinal data analysis. However, such methods often are explained by complex methodology. This article introduces multilevel linear model and generalized estimating equations approach and value-added models by simple and applied expression as appropriate models for analysis of longitudinal data such as professors’ evaluation data.

Keywords

Teacher evaluation Value-added models Multilevel linear models Generalized estimating equations method

© 2014, Strides in Development of Medical Education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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