The Effect of Technology in Information Searching Skills via Wiki to the Medical Students

AUTHORS

Maryam Okhovati 1 , Mina Moradzadeh 2 , * , Farzaneh Zolala 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 PhD in Library and Information Sciences, Assistant Professor, Department of Library Sciences, Member of Scientometrics and Webometrics Committee, Medical Informatics Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

2 M.Sc. in Medical Librarianship and Information Sciences, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Member of Scientometrics and Webometrics Committee, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

3 PhD in Epidemiology, Assistant Professor, Regional Knowledge Hub for HIV/AIDS Surveillance, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 11 (2); e60340
Published Online: April 28, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 16, 2017
Accepted: November 27, 2013

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Abstract

 Background & Objective: Recently, a new technology, i.e. Web 2.0, has emerged and it is increasingly used in education. Wiki is one of the web 2.0 application which is used in E-learning. Wiki is a simple, easy editable, interactive application that enhances learning, so this study was conducted to investigate the effect of using wiki on learning information searching skills on medical students in Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

Methods: The study population included the medical students who have chosen the information technology (IT) course in the second semester in 2013. The course was held in four groups, two groups were selected randomly. One group was considered as test group, teaching through wiki (wikispaces). The second one was the control group, traditional teaching (lecture). We asked about students’ attitudes toward learning through a researcher-made questionnaire.

Result: The most of the students (71.9%) have used at least one of the web 2.0 technologies and 21.9% used Wikis. The mean scores of two groups increased and the difference between the mean scores was significant. The mean and standard deviation of the students’ scores before and after training through Wiki enhanced from 2.80 ± 1.85 to 12.85 ± 4.26, whereas it was 3.83 ± 4.30 to 13.75 ± 3.25 in the traditional group (P < 0.001). There was no significant association between two teaching methods (wiki and traditional) (P = 0.560) and the improvement of both groups was almost equivalent but most of students (55%) preferred training by wiki.

Conclusion: Teaching through Wiki had a positive effect on learning. Regarding Wiki capabilities, it can be used as a supplement method for teaching.

Keywords

Web 2.0 Wiki Education Information searching skills Learning Kerman University of Medical Sciences Iran Medical students

© 2014, Strides in Development of Medical Education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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