A Guide to Selecting the Appropriate Statistical Tests for Proposals and Articles in Medical Sciences

AUTHORS

Mohammad Reza Baneshi 1 , * , Farzaneh Zolala 2 , Elham Mohebbi 3

1 Ph.D in Bioastatistics, Associate Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Bioastatistics, Research Center for Modeling in Health, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran., Iran

2 Ph.D in Epidemiology, Assistant Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Bioastatistics,Regional Knowledge Hub, and WHO Collaborating Centre for HIV Surveillance, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

3 DVM/MPH, Researcher, Research Center for Scocial Determinants of Health, Institute for Futures Studies for Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

How to Cite: Baneshi M R, Zolala F , Mohebbi E. A Guide to Selecting the Appropriate Statistical Tests for Proposals and Articles in Medical Sciences, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2014 ; 11(3):e60066.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 11 (3); e60066
Published Online: September 28, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 12, 2017
Accepted: February 17, 2014

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Abstract

Background & Objective: The main purpose of medical researches is to answer a research question or to solve a problem to promote the health of a society. The first objective is to answer the research question correctly with minimal errors. The second objective is the publication of the results in order to generalize them to a population and use in a wider dimension. To achieve these objectives, using biostatistics is necessary. Despite the importance of biostatistics in medical research, researchers have limited understanding of it or due to its complications they refrain from its use. Statistics help the researcher in different levels of research including writing a proposal and interpretation of other papers. Moreover, biostatisticians and epidemiologists also play a very important role in the preparation of manuscripts for publication. The present article has eloquently described the most important statistical tests in medical research with applied examples.

Keywords

Selecting statistical tests Parametric tests Non-parametric tests

© 2014, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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