The Relationship between Perfectionism, Achievement Motivation, Self-Esteem, and Academic Performance among Nursing Students

AUTHORS

Farshid Khosropour 1 , * , Mojgan Nikoie 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Ph.D. in Psychology , Department of Psychology , Islamic Azad University, Zarand Branch, Kerman, Iran, Iran

2 M.Sc. in Psychology , Islamic Azad University, Zarand Branch, Kerman, Iran, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 11 (4); e59851
Published Online: December 28, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 09, 2017
Accepted: July 28, 2014

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Academic performance is the most important factor in student evaluation. Self-esteem is related to self-satisfaction and perfectionism is the setting of high goals in performance. Achievement motivation is the willingness to gain success. Because these variables can affect academic performance, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between students' perfectionism, achievement motivation, self-esteem, and academic performance.

Methods: This was a correlational-descriptive study. Based on Morgan's table, 97 students were randomly selected from all last year nursing students of Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University. Due to being incomplete 7 questionnaires were excluded. The data collection tools consisted of Ahvaz Perfectionism Scale (APS), Hermans Achievement Motivation (HAMQ) Scale, and the Coppersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI). Total average scores of students were considered as academic performance.

Results: Results showed a positive significant correlation between academic performance and perfectionism, achievement motivation, and self-esteem (P < 0.05). Perfectionism, achievement motivation, and self-esteem predicted 31% variances in academic performance. Nevertheless, investigation of the liner correlation of these variables showed that only the correlation between achievement motivation and academic performance was meaningful.

Conclusion: It is seems that for the improvement of students' academic achievement, perfectionism, self-esteem, and especially achievement motivation must be taken into consideration.

Keywords

Academic performance Perfectionism Self-Esteem Achievement

© 2014, Strides in Development of Medical Education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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