A Comparative Study of the Curriculum of Master's Degree in Medical Education in Iran and Some Other Countries


Hossein Karimi Moonaghi 1 , Roza Montazeri 2 , *


1 Ph.D. in Medical Education, Associate Professor, Department of Medical Education, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran, Iran

2 M.Sc. in Medical Education, Department of Medical Education, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran, Iran


Strides in Development of Medical Education: 11 (4); e59743
Published Online: January 28, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 08, 2017
Accepted: July 01, 2014




Background & Objective: For greater success of the discipline of medical education and recognition of its weaknesses and strengths, performing a comparative study and utilizing the experiences of successful universities is necessary. This study was performed to compare the elements of the curricula of medical education discipline in the universities of Dundee (Scotland), Calgary (Canada), and Maastricht (Holland) with Iran.

Methods: Data were gathered by searching university websites and communicating with them. The 3 universities of Dundee, Calgary and Maastricht, which had a high ranking in the medical education major, were selected as the study sample. The research model used in this study was the Beredy model that specifies the four stages of description, interpretation, proximity, and comparison in comparative studies.

Results: The universities of Dundee, Calgary, and Maastricht, in stating the general characteristics of curriculum, have clearly focused on education in the field of medical sciences. Elements of mission, vision, and value were not observed in their curricula. In the universities of Dundee and Maastricht, educational strategies and the reason for their application, and the manner of course presentation had been explained. All 3 universities enrolled bachelor students. The course of research in education was emphasized by all universities.

Conclusion: Based on this comparative study the curriculum of medical education in Iran seems complete and comprehensive. However, for quality improvement, the revision of goals and strategies of the discipline is necessary. Moreover, the presentation of courses in two forms of virtual and traditional education, admission of bachelor (BSc) students, replacement of compensatory course with prerequisite courses, and emphasizing of research method in education courses are recommended.


Comparative study Curriculum Beredy model Medical education Iran Dundee Calgary Maastricht

© 2014, Strides in Development of Medical Education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.


  • 1. Reference is available in pdf