Medication Errors of Nursing Students of Medical Sciences and Islamic Azad Universities in Kerman, Iran, in 2012-2013

AUTHORS

Mozhgan Kalantarzadeh 1 , * , Maryam Hosseinnejad 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 M.Sc. in Nursing, Lecturer, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Islamic Azad University, Kerman Branch, Kerman, Iran, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 12 (1); e59707
Published Online: January 28, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 08, 2017
Accepted: September 16, 2014

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Medication errors is one of the most common medical errors, a universal problem, and serious threat to patient safety and in some cases can result in patient death. Therefore, understanding the different aspects of this problem can provide an opportunity to prevent and minimize this issue. The purpose of this study was to explore medication errors among nursing students in Kerman city, Iran.
Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, all nursing students in their 7th and 8th term (n = 90) were recruited using census method in 2012-2013. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire including questions related to demographic data and medication errors. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire were approved. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and chi-square test in SPSS software.
Results: The results showed that 84.4% of students were female, and 66.3% of students had witnessed or discovered medication errors by other students. In addition, 66.97% (n = 60) of the students confirmed their medication errors (total of 101 errors). Based on this, the average of medication errors of the whole sample was 1.12. The highest rate of error was related to intravenous injection (68.3%) and the lowest to subcutaneous injection (1.8%). The most prevalent types of medication errors were wrong dose (41.7%) and infusion rate (46.7%). There were no statistically significant relationships between medication errors and gender, age, marital status, and work experience (P > 0.05).
Conclusion: This study showed that the incidence rate of medication errors among nursing students is high. Therefore, this issue necessitates additional attention from the education system in order to provide patients with safe care services which is their inalienable right and obtain their satisfaction.
 

Keywords

Medication errors Nursing students Patient safety

© 2015, Strides in Development of Medical Education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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