Medication Errors of Nursing Students of Medical Sciences and Islamic Azad Universities in Kerman, Iran, in 2012-2013
Strides in Development of Medical Education: January 28, 2015, 12 (1); e59707
January 28, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
August 08, 2017
September 16, 2014
M , Hosseinnejad
M . Medication Errors of Nursing Students of Medical Sciences and Islamic Azad Universities in Kerman, Iran, in 2012-2013 ,
Strides Dev Med Educ.
Background & Objective: Medication errors is one of the most common medical errors, a universal problem, and serious threat to patient safety and in some cases can result in patient death. Therefore, understanding the different aspects of this problem can provide an opportunity to prevent and minimize this issue. The purpose of this study was to explore medication errors among nursing students in Kerman city, Iran.
Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, all nursing students in their 7th and 8th term (n = 90) were recruited using census method in 2012-2013. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire including questions related to demographic data and medication errors. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire were approved. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and chi-square test in SPSS software.
Results: The results showed that 84.4% of students were female, and 66.3% of students had witnessed or discovered medication errors by other students. In addition, 66.97% (n = 60) of the students confirmed their medication errors (total of 101 errors). Based on this, the average of medication errors of the whole sample was 1.12. The highest rate of error was related to intravenous injection (68.3%) and the lowest to subcutaneous injection (1.8%). The most prevalent types of medication errors were wrong dose (41.7%) and infusion rate (46.7%). There were no statistically significant relationships between medication errors and gender, age, marital status, and work experience (P > 0.05).
Conclusion: This study showed that the incidence rate of medication errors among nursing students is high. Therefore, this issue necessitates additional attention from the education system in order to provide patients with safe care services which is their inalienable right and obtain their satisfaction.
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