A Review of the Academic Engagement of Medical Students in Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran, 2011-2012


Esmat Nouhi 1 , * , Hamideh Montazeri 2 , Mostafa Shokoohi 3


1 Ph.D. in Nursing Education, M.Sc. in Medical Education, Assistant Professor, Department of Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Physiology Research Center, Medical Education Development Center Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

2 M.Sc. in Medical Education, Medical Education Development Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

3 M.Sc. in Epidemiology, Center for Health Research in Modeling, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran


Strides in Development of Medical Education: 12 (1); e59610
Published Online: January 28, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 07, 2017
Accepted: August 23, 2014




Background & Objective: The concept of active engagement or academic engagement is a certain understanding of the relationship between students and the university. The university is an environment that provides learning opportunities that will lead to student learning. The nature and level of learning depends on the students way of using their environmental resources. Positive engagement and an interactive, supportive academic environment are essential elements in success in the learning process. On the other hand, isolation, alienation, and passiveness of students results in their academic failure. The aim of the present study was to investigate academic engagement of medical students of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran, in 2011-2012. In this study, 2 domains of academic engagement were investigated (active and participatory learning, and level of academic challenge).

Methods: In this descriptive-analytical, cross-sectional study, all medical students of Kerman University of Medical Sciences were recruited using stratified random sampling method. The data collection tool was the National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE).

Results: In this study, 211 medical students from different academic years with the average age of 22.6 ± 3.1 were enrolled. The mean active engagement score of the students was 98.64 ± 32.33. Active and cooperative learning was at a significant level based on all demographic variables, except employment. The active and cooperative learning of male students differed significantly from that of female students, married students from single students, different academic years, and native from local students. Moreover,, students who were members of one of the academic centers had significantly higher active and participatory learning scores. Mean active and participatory learning, and level of academic challenge were 17.4 ± 5.6 and 21.7 ± 7.1, respectively. Both domains were reported as unsatisfactory among students.

Conclusion: The results showed the unsatisfactory academic engagment status of the students of the Kerman University of Medical Sciences. Thus, it is hoped that with future planning to use more modern teaching methods which have a higher level of academic challenges, and active and collaborative learning, and by the appropriate support of the university, university staff, and faculty members, we are able to take steps toward the improvement of academic engagement, and thereby, student success.


Academic engagement Supportive environment Active and cooperative learning Scientific challenges Medical students Iran

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