Educational Environment Assessment at Outpatient Clinics in Teaching Hospitals of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran, from Residents' Perspective Based on the ACLEEM Questionnaire

AUTHORS

Askar Safipour Afshar 1 , Mahla Salajegheh 2 , Bahareh Bahman Bijari 3 , Mostafa Shokoohi 4 , Amin Beigzadeh 5 , *

1 M.Sc. in Library and Medical Information Sciences, Lecturer, Department of Library and Medical Information Sciences, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran, Iran

2 PhD candidate in Medical Education, Medical Education Department, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Iran

3 Neonatologist, Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Physiology Research Center, Medical School, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

4 M.Sc. in Epidemiology, Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

5 PhD candidate in Medical Education, Research Center for Health Services Management, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

How to Cite: Safipour Afshar A , Salajegheh M , Bahman Bijari B, Shokoohi M, Beigzadeh A . Educational Environment Assessment at Outpatient Clinics in Teaching Hospitals of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran, from Residents' Perspective Based on the ACLEEM Questionnaire, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2015 ; 12(S1):e59437.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 12 (S1); e59437
Published Online: March 28, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 05, 2017
Accepted: January 01, 2015

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Outpatient educational environments are used for the teaching of a broad range of medical disciplines. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to assess these environments with valid and reliable tools. The Ambulatory Care Learning Education Environment Measure (ACLEEM) can be used for this purpose. The objective of this study was to assess the educational environment at outpatient clinics in teaching hospitals of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Methods: This descriptive-analytical study which was cross-sectional in nature was conducted in Kerman University of Medical Sciences in 2013-14. The study population, based on census sampling, consisted of 70 residents specializing in internal, gynecological, pediatric, and surgical disciplines. The data collection tool was a valid and reliable questionnaire consisting of 2 sections, demographic questions and 50 questions in 8 domains. Data were analyzed using SPSS software and descriptive tests (frequency, mean, and standard deviation) and analytical tests (ANOVA and t-test).

Results: The total score of the questionnaire was 62.90 which showed the partially desirable status of the outpatient educational environment in the studied population. In terms of the total scores for each domain, the domains of clinical teacher competence (14.91 ± 2.99), clinical activity and patient care (12.85 ± 2.78), and time allocation for nonclinical activities (8.94 ± 2.93) obtained the highest scores, respectively. There was no significant relationship between sex, age, and educational year and mean score of each domain (P > 0.05). However, this relationship was significant for the field of study variable (P < 0.05). The highest mean score was related to gynecology residents (65.68 ± 5.7) and the lowest mean score was related to surgery residents (60.60 ± 5.9).

Conclusion: The findings showed that the residents' perspective of the outpatient environment is not satisfactory. Therefore, it is expected that the related authorities provide a favorable and conducive environment for teaching and learning through planning.

Keywords

Educational environment Ambulatory Care Learning Education Environment Measure (ACLEEM) Residents Kerman Iran

© 2015, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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