Correlation between Psychomotor Skills and Some Academic Scores of Dental Students: A Longitudinal Study


Hamidreza Poureslami 1 , * , Hoda Shamsadini 2 , Hamid Sharifi 3 , Simin Ghanbari Gohari 4


1 Pedodontist, Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

2 Dentist, Resident, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

3 Ph.D. in Veterinary Medicine, Assistant Professor, Department of Food and Health, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman AND Research Center for Modeling in Health, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

4 B.Sc. in Health Services Management, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran


Strides in Development of Medical Education: 12 (2); e59341
Published Online: June 28, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 02, 2017
Accepted: October 12, 2014





Background & Objective: The profession of dentistry necessitates the proficiency of students not only in theoretical knowledge, but also in psychomotor skills. Many dentistry skills, in addition to theoretical courses, are taught through practical courses. The aim of the present research was to investigate the correlation between psychomotor skills and academic scores from theoretical and practical courses among a group of dental students.

Methods: In this study, the psychomotor skills of 33 dental students in their first term in 2010 and before taking any practical courses were evaluated through a practical test. After being presented with an image, the students were asked to build a sample of that image with a certain type of dough, in a determined duration of time, and simultaneously. Each student’s work was evaluated separately by professors of the Department of Pediatric Dentistry. The mean of the scores given by 6 professors was considered as the psychomotor skill score of the participants. After 3 years, the scores were compared with those obtained by the same students from theoretical and practical lessons of Endodontics 1 and Restorative Dentistry 1. The partial correlation coefficient was used to determine the correlation between the scores.

Results: There was a significant correlation between the practical test score and the practical Endodontics (r = 0.51, P = 0.020) and Restorative Dentistry (r = 0.35, P = 0.040) scores. However, no significant correlation was observed between practical test scores and theoretical Endodontics and Restorative Dentistry scores.

Conclusion: There is a significant correlation between dental students’ psychomotor skills and the scores of their practical courses. Practical examination at the time of the students’ entrance into the university or enhancement of their psychomotor skills may improve their work.


Psychomotor skills Dental students Practical scores

© 2015, Strides in Development of Medical Education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.


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