Academic Engagement Concept and its Affecting Factors in Medical Education: A Review Study

AUTHORS

Abbas Heydari 1 , Mostafa Rad 2 , Mohammad Reza Ghasemi 3 , *

1 Ph.D. in Nursing, Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran, Iran

2 Ph.D. Student in Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran, Iran

3 Ph.D. Student in Nursing, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran, Iran

How to Cite: Heydari A , Rad M, Ghasemi M R . Academic Engagement Concept and its Affecting Factors in Medical Education: A Review Study, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2015 ; 12(2):e59163.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 12 (2); e59163
Published Online: June 28, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 30, 2017
Accepted: November 18, 2014

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Abstract

Background & Objective: One of factors influencing students' academic achievement is academic engagement. The aim of this study was to perform a comprehensive investigation on conceptual dimensions of academic engagement and the factors affecting it.
Methods: A comprehensive search of literature published during 2001-2014 was performed using Persian and English databases including Magiran, SID, Scopus, and PubMed. As a result 190 texts were obtained. After a close study, 22 papers with the keywords of "student engagement, and academic engagement time" were selected. Selection criteria were the existence of any dimension of the concept of academic engagement and factors affecting it in the paper.
Results: After assessing 22 articles, the dimensions of academic engagement concept and its influencing factors were made clear. Academic engagement consists of the educational, behavioral, cognitive, and psychological dimensions. Factors which affect academic engagement are the education institution’s characteristics, teaching methods, service-based learning, technology and various levels of academic engagement.
Conclusion: Through the recognition of dimensions of academic engagement and by applying factors that influence students' academic engagement the wasting of their time and energy can be prevented, and a valuable work force can be developed. Since university engagement has been less studied in medical sciences in our country, it is recommended that qualitative and quantitative research be performed in this field.
 

Keywords

Academic engagement University engagement Medical education Student

© 2015, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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