An Evolutionary Approach towards Ph.D. Educational System in Medical Sciences in Iran: a Systematic Review of Educational Models in the World’s Leading Universities
Strides in Development of Medical Education: January 31, 2010, 6 (1); e58827
July 15, 2009
Article Type: Research Article
July 26, 2017
March 10, 2009
B , Haghdoost
A, Fasihi Harandi
A . An Evolutionary Approach towards Ph.D. Educational System in Medical Sciences in Iran: a Systematic Review of Educational Models in the World’s Leading Universities,
Strides Dev Med Educ.
Background & Objective: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the status of World’s leading
universities in Ph.D. students’ education and to compare it with Iranian universities applying the
approach of educational status evaluation in a research based way.
Methods: Using a systematic review, all documents present in the webs and related links of
universities of first 10 countries in Shanghai’s Academic Ranking of World Universities were
systematically reviewed; information related to Ph.D. education was systematically collected and
Results: Reviewing 28 leading universities revealed that the educational model in educating Ph.D.
students in 22 of them was research based and the rest are using course based model. Passing taught
courses, as an index in course based model, is considered to be among minimum course
requirements in most of the universities which are using research based model. In cases where
passing such courses is voluntarily, a consultant professor plays a significant role in guiding the
students in selecting and attending theoretical courses.
Conclusion: Based on the above explanation and similar to other successful countries, it seems that
it is time to create various models for training postgraduate students to meet industrial needs. With
revisions in educational curriculums, purposeful attempts should be made to solve possible
problems and train people who meet country’s developmental needs in regards with the twenty year
Postgraduate education; Shanghai’s Academic Ranking; Research based curriculum; Scientific development; Ph.D.
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