Comparing the Effects of Traditional and Continuous Training of Practical Microbiology Course on Students’ Learning

AUTHORS

Zahra Rashki-Ghalehnoo 1 , * , Dariush Saadati 2 , Omid Tadjrobehkar 3

1 Ph.D. in Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran, Iran

2 Ph.D. in Statistics and Epidemiology, Department of Food Hygiene, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran, Iran

3 Ph.D. in Medical Bacteriology, Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran, Iran

How to Cite: Rashki-Ghalehnoo Z , Saadati D , Tadjrobehkar O . Comparing the Effects of Traditional and Continuous Training of Practical Microbiology Course on Students’ Learning, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2015 ; 12(3):e58735.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 12 (3); e58735
Published Online: August 28, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 25, 2017
Accepted: April 12, 2015

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Abstract

Background & Objective: There are different views toward the efficacy of different methods of practical training. Each method has advantages and disadvantages in terms of its effect on learning, cost, speed, and simplicity. This study was performed with the aim to compare the effect of practical microbiology course through traditional and continuous methods of training on practical skills learning, academic achievements, and satisfaction among pharmacy students of Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

Methods: This experimental study was performed on 79 2nd semester pharmacy students. The participants were randomly allocated to two groups with equal mean IQ score using Raven IQ test. The traditional and continuous methods of training were randomly applied to the two groups. Mean final exam scores of the two groups based on station exam, final reports, and written tests were calculated and compared using Student’s t-test. We also assessed the satisfaction of students with regard to the training methods using a relevant questionnaire.

Results: Mean scores of the station (4.68) and written (8.43) exams obtained using continuous method were significantly higher than that using the traditional method (4.17 and 7.51, respectively). Moreover, students were more satisfied with the continuous method than the traditional method.

Conclusion: The continuous method of training had greater impact on learning of practical skills than the traditional method. Thus, the application of this method in other medical universities in order to provide a suitable setting for further learning is recommended.

Keywords

Education Satisfaction Microbiology Teaching methods Continuous teaching

© 2015, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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