Nursing Students’ Attitudes toward Virtual Learning and its Relationship with Learning Style


Mahboubeh Vatan-Parast 1 , Zahra Royani 2 , * , Hossein Ghasemi 3


1 M.Sc. in Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran, Iran

2 M.Sc. in Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran, Iran

3 B.Sc. in Emergency Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran, Iran


Strides in Development of Medical Education: 12 (3); e58728
Published Online: August 28, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 25, 2017
Accepted: April 05, 2015




Background & Objective: Today, the concept of virtual education has gained much attention as distance learning and has provided learning opportunities outside the borders of a country or state for everyone. The consideration of the success of virtual training is impossible without the consideration of individuals’ viewpoints toward it. Despite this fact, less attention has been paid to students’ attitudes in the published studies. This study investigates the students’ attitudes toward virtual education and its relationship with learning styles.

Methods: In this correlation-descriptive study, 114 bachelor’s and master’s students of Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery of Kerman, Iran, in 2013 were selected based on census sampling method. Data were collected using demographic questionnaire, the researcher-made questionnaire of attitude toward virtual learning, and the Gaziano Learning Styles Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean and standard error), independent t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and linear regression in SPSS software. All P-values of ≤ 0.05 were considered significant.

Results: The mean score of nursing students’ attitude toward virtual learning was 3.30 ± 0.34. The highest frequency among learning styles used by students was related to visual (50%), auditory (27.2%), and kinetic styles (22.8%). In the regression analysis, visual style (P = 0.009, β = 0.27), and auditory style (P = 0.008, β = 0.17) had a significant relationship with attitudes of nursing students toward virtual education.

Conclusion: Students had positive attitudes toward virtual learning. Moreover, attitudes toward virtual education differed among people with different learning styles. Therefore, the consideration of individual needs and different learning styles of learners is essential in virtual education.


Nursing students Learning style Virtual learning Attitudes

© 2015, Strides in Development of Medical Education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.


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