The Relationship between Critical Thinking and Information Literacy among Students of the School of Management and Medical Information Sciences of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran

AUTHORS

Zahra Azami 1 , Hamid Salehiniya 2 , *

1 M.Sc. Student in Medical Library and Information Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Iran

2 Ph.D. Student in Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Iran

How to Cite: Azami Z , Salehiniya H. The Relationship between Critical Thinking and Information Literacy among Students of the School of Management and Medical Information Sciences of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2016 ; 12(5):e58439.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 12 (5); e58439
Published Online: February 29, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 22, 2017
Accepted: May 23, 2015

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Information literacy is a critical requirement for access to information in the communication age in the community. Through using critical thinking skills, valid and reliable information can be obtained. This research was conducted to determine the relationship of critical thinking with information literacy among student of the School of Management and Medical Information Sciences of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

Methods: This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted on 338 students of the School of Management and Medical Information Sciences of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2014. The valid and reliable California Critical Thinking Skills Test-Form B (CCTST) and the Information Literacy Standard Questionnaire were used for collecting data. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and correlation coefficient test in SPSS software.

Results: The critical thinking skills among students were at a low level. A weak relationship was observed between the mean score of critical thinking and information literacy (P = 0.050). In addition, students' information literacy had a positive correlation with inference components (r = 0.12, P = 0.040) and analysis components of critical thinking (r = 16, P = 0.006).

Conclusion: Given the low level of critical thinking in students and the relationship between the components of critical thinking and information literacy, the implementation of programs to improve students' critical thinking is recommended. This is necessary due to the dependence of the increase in students' information literacy on critical thinking.

Keywords

Critical thinking Information literacy Students

© 2016, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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