The Comparison of Medical Students’ Attitudes and Performance Regarding Different Types of Academic Cheating During Clinical Courses

AUTHORS

Mitra Amini 1 , Marjan Parizad 2 , Sara Rivaz 3 , * , Mohammad Mehdi Sagheb 4 , Mozhdeh Rivaz 5

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Ph.D. in Communication Medicine, Associate Professor, Quality Improvement in Clinical Education Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, Iran

2 General Practitioner, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, Iran

3 M.Sc. in Health Services Administration, Quality Improvement in Clinical Education Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, Iran

4 Ph.D. in Adult Nephrology, Associate Professor, Quality Improvement in Clinical Education Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, Iran

5 M.Sc. in Biology, Directorate of Education and Training, Shiraz, Iran, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 12 (5); e58418
Published Online: February 29, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 22, 2017
Accepted: June 15, 2015

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Cheating in the university can be a predictor of workplace fraud and workplace fraud among physicians and specialists will have negative consequences. This study was performed for the purpose of determining the prevalence of all kinds of cheating among medical students which were in their last three years of Medical School at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran, in 2010.

Methods: The study sample consisted of 136 medical students in their last three years of study. The participants were selected through simple random sampling. The data collection tool was a self-administered questionnaire. The validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by experts and its reliability was reported as 0.87 in a study. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and independent t-test (for the variable of gender) in SPSS statistical software.

Results: All students answered the questionnaire; thus, the response rate was 100%. Among the respondents, 64% were male and the rest female. According to the results, more than 80% of students had experienced copying during an exam at least once during the academic period. Moreover, 25% of students have performed at least one kind of plagiarism in writing their thesis and essays. The performance of medical students in the clinical course showed that 50% of students had cheated at least once during their academic period. The rate of cheating was significantly lower in female students.

Conclusion: Although the majority of students have a positive attitude and believe cheating to be a dishonest action, half of them have cheated. This may be due to stress caused by examinations. Therefore, it seems that students’ behaviors should be changed and they must receive the necessary training in this regard, so that stress is not the cause of fraud and this phenomenon is inhibited.

Keywords

Plagiarism Cheating Medical student Morality

© 2016, Strides in Development of Medical Education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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