An Investigation of Factors Effective on Foreign Students’ Educational Problems in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran

AUTHORS

Khadijeh Jamshidi-Moghaddam 1 , * , Ahmad Reza Nasr 2 , Seyed Ebrahim Mirshah-Jafari 3

1 M.Sc. in Educational Programming, Department of Educational Programming, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran, Iran

2 Ph.D. in Curriculum Planning, Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran, Iran

3 Ph.D. in Curriculum Planning, Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran, Iran

How to Cite: Jamshidi-Moghaddam K , Nasr A R, Mirshah-Jafari S E . An Investigation of Factors Effective on Foreign Students’ Educational Problems in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2016 ; 13(1):e58094.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 13 (1); e58094
Published Online: April 27, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 15, 2017
Accepted: May 06, 2015

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Foreign students encounter educational problems which make studying in the host country difficult. Given the importance of the educational problems of foreign students, and identifying the factors which alleviate these problems, this study examined the educational problems of international students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

Methods: This was a quantitative-qualitative study with a descriptive-analytical design. In the qualitative section, interviews were conducted with 14 foreign students, and in the quantitative section, 56 students were selected through random sampling proportional to sample size. Semi-structured interviews and a researcher-made questionnaire were used to collect information. Data analysis was conducted using categorization methods, descriptive statistics, univariate t-test, ANOVA, post hoc test, and multiple regression in SPSS software.

Results: In the qualitative section, the foreign students’ educational problems included weakness in understanding Persian, different educational system, the professors’ inappropriate teaching method, and dissatisfaction with textbooks. In the quantitative section, the educational problems were not significant at a 0.05 level. Moreover, the students' problems in terms of culture and the length of stay in Iran showed significant differences.

Conclusion: The results of predictor factors of educational problems revealed that cultural dissimilarity and short presence in Iran are the main predictor factors. Therefore, in order to motivate learning in foreign students, and thereby, decrease their educational problems, it is necessary to familiarize them with Iranian customs and hold classes to introduce them to the Iranian educational system.

Keywords

Foreign students Host country Educational problems Medical sciences Iran Qualitative-quantitative study

© 2016, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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