The Knowledge of interns of Kerman Medical Sciences University Regarding Child Maltreatment

AUTHORS

Behshid Garrus 1 , * , Hossein Safizadeh 1 , Reza Tajaddini 1

1 Iran

How to Cite: Garrus B, Safizadeh H , Tajaddini R . The Knowledge of interns of Kerman Medical Sciences University Regarding Child Maltreatment, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2005 ; 2(2):e57817.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 2 (2); e57817
Published Online: December 25, 2005
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 09, 2017
Accepted: September 20, 2005

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Abstract

Background: Child maltreatment is not a new phenomenon and all communities have always
been involved with various types of this problem. Physicians, being in the front line of
diagnosis of child maltreatment, should have adequate knowledge in this regard.
Objective: To determine knowledge of interns in Kerman Medical Sciences University about
child maltreatment.
Methods: A total of 86 interns participated in this cross- sectional study and data gathering
was done by a semi- structured questionnaire developed according to valid sources of child
maltreatment in the literature. The questionnaire’s reliability and validity were assessed
(a=0.85). Based on the percentage of correct answers, the level of knowledge was classified as
good (>75%) moderate (50-75%) and poor (< 50%). Chi- square test was used to determine the
relationship between knowledge and considered variables.
Results: Mean knowledge score was 28.3 (SD=±4.8). Half of the interns had good knowledge
and the other half had not adequate knowledge. Interns’ knowledge about risk factors of child
maltreatment was moderate. In regard to the symptoms of child maltreatment, observable
physical signs such as burning or fractures were being considered as the evidence of child
maltreatment, while psychological signs or those related to sexual abuse were not taken
serious. None of the demographic features had significant relation with knowledge level of
interns. Half of the participants had obtained their knowledge during their medical courses.
Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that interns do not have adequate knowledge
toward child maltreatment and considering the similarity of medical education in our country;
planning educational programs to improve knowledge of Medical students and other health
care providers in regard to child maltreatment seems to be highly required.

Keywords

Child maltreatment Knowledge Intern

© 2005, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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