Application of the Kirkpatrick Model in Evaluation of the Educational Prevention Program of Self-Medication in Women

AUTHORS

Negin Niksadat 1 , Mahnaz Solhi 2 , Zahra Jalili 3 , * , Shayesteh Shirzadi 4 , Mohsen Mohammadi 5 , Mahmod Reza Gohari 6

1 PhD Student in Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Student Research Committee, Tehran, Iran, Iran

2 PhD in Health Education and Health Promotion, Associate Professor, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, Iran, Iran

3 PhD in Health Education and Health Promotion, Associate Professor, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Medicine, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, Iran

4 PhD Student in Health Promotion and Health Education, Department of Health, School of Public Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran, Iran

5 MSc in Occupational Health Engineering, Department of Health, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Iran

6 PhD in Statistics, Department of Statistics and Mathematics, Hospital Management Research Center, School of Management and Medical Information, Iran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, Iran, Iran

How to Cite: Niksadat N , Solhi M , Jalili Z, Shirzadi S , Mohammadi M , et al. Application of the Kirkpatrick Model in Evaluation of the Educational Prevention Program of Self-Medication in Women, Strides Dev Med Educ. 2016 ; 13(4):e57633.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 13 (4); e57633
Published Online: November 02, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 05, 2017
Accepted: April 04, 2016

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Self-medication is one of the chief health problems and educational programs on its prevention are very important. An educational program can be considered effective, if it can make the necessary changes in participants’ knowledge and behavior. The aim of this study was to evaluate the educational prevention program of self-medication in women using the Kirkpatrick model.

Methods: This evaluation study was carried out on 88 women. The cluster sampling method was used. The data collection tools consisted of the Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (‎DREEM) and a researcher-made questionnaire based on the Kirkpatrick model, the validity and reliability of which were measured. The experimental group attended the educational program for 1 month. The effectiveness rate of the course was calculated based on significant differences in learning, reaction, and behavior scores of the case and control groups during the pre-test and post-test. The collected data were analyzed in SPSS statistical software using descriptive and analytical statistical tests.

Results: The mean scores of desirability rate of participants’ reactions in terms of students’ perception of learning environment, students’ academic self-perception, students’ social self-perception, students’ perception of atmosphere, and students’ perception of teachers were 44.81 ± 7.06, 31.50 ± 4.11, 22.50 ± 3.54, 43.10 ± 7.46, and 41.37 ± 5.20, respectively. After the educational intervention, t-test results showed a significant difference between the experimental and control groups in mean score of knowledge change and attitude change in the second evaluation level, and also between mean score of behavior change in the third level (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: According to the Kirkpatrick model, the educational prevention program of self-medication resulted in favorable outcomes in the three evaluated levels of reaction, learning, and behavior, and showed satisfactory efficiency.

Keywords

Kirkpatrick model Evaluation Self-medication Education

© 2016, Medical Education Development Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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