Comparing the effect of two teaching methods about HIV/AIDS on the students' knowledge and attitude at Islamic Azad University of Lahijan in 2003


Maryam-o-S Sadat Motahari 1 , * , Shirin Hejazi 1 , Jaseman Shahnazari 1 , Mahmood Mahmoodi 1


1 Iran


Strides in Development of Medical Education: 2 (1); e57608
Published Online: June 26, 2005
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 05, 2017
Accepted: May 10, 2005




Background : Inappropriate nutrition has an important role in many pathological conditions , including such common diseases as diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Despite the recognition that physicians are often called upon to provide counseling in nutritional aspects of diseases, nutrition does not hold the place it deserves in medical schools' curricula, especially in clinical and case-based teaching.

Objectve: The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of interns in Kerman Medical University regarding the nutrition.

Methods: Self-administered questionnaires, including 29 questions and in a cross-sectional study were completed by 105 interns.

Results: The mean knowledge, attitude and practice scores were 6.93 ± 1.89 (out of 14), 15.50 ± 3.54 (out of 40) and 1.48 ± 1.58 (out of 7), respectively. There were no significant differences in knowledge and practice scores between males and females, but male interns had higher score in attitude (P<0.05). We detected a statistically significant positive correlation between knowledge and attitude (r=0.22 , P=0.023), so that the higher knowledge level, the higher attitude score.  A significant negative relationship was observed between interns' attitudes and their practices (r=-0.33 ,P= 0.001). Despite good attitude concerning nutrition principles, their practice scores were undesirable.

Conclusion : The results of this study indicate that there are serious defects in the knowledge of the interns concerning the principles of nutrition. Furthermore, their attitudes and practices about nutrition are undesirable. Considering the importance of proper nutrition for good health and treatment and prevention of disease, there is a need for improvement of nutritional knowledge in future doctors. This requires careful planning and curricula changes to include the principles and practice of nutrition. In other words, nutririon needs to be re-evaluated and properly integrated into the medical school's curriculum.


Education lecture poster knowledge attitude HIV/AIDS

© 2005, Strides in Development of Medical Education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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