Viewpoints of Faculty Members and Residents of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran, Regarding the Local Annual Upgrade and Licensure Residency Exams

AUTHORS

Elham Iranmanesh 1 , Ali Hosseininasab 2 , * , Alireza Shahidi 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 General Practitioner, School of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

2 Subspecialist in Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Associate Professor, Department of Pediatric, School of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

3 Executive MBA, School of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 13 (5); e57556
Published Online: December 22, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 05, 2017
Accepted: October 15, 2016

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Abstract

Background & Objective: In the past, the written exam for the promotion and certification of medical residents was provided nationwide and conducted by the Council of Graduate Medical Education. Changes in the method of performing medical resident’s promotion exams have been continuously discussed by scholars. According to the educational approach in the prestigious universities of the world in the field of specialized clinical residency training, the promotion exam has been transferred to residents training universities. In this study, the viewpoints of faculty members and residents of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran, were evaluated regarding the decentralized promotion and certification residency exam.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. The study population consisted of all residents and faculty members of Kerman University of Medical Sciences. The data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire including questions about the strengths and weaknesses of the decentralized residency upgrade and certification exam. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. All P-values of ≤ 0.05 were considered significant.

Results: The items of “participation of all members of the department in questions preparation” and “more attention to the endemic diseases” (score of 4.06 and 3.55, respectively) obtained the highest scores. The lowest dispersion rate was also related to these two components. The item “decreased quality of questions” with a score of 2.45 had the lowest impact. From the viewpoint of faculty members, “participation of all members of the department in questions preparation" and "different education due to different assessment methods in universities" (3.76 and 3.75, respectively) obtained the highest scores. Moreover, “bias in the ministries regarding enrichment of question banks” and “closure of departments during questions preparation” obtained the lowest scores (2.85). There was no significant difference between the two groups in scoring of the components based on demographic characteristics.

Conclusion: Although, in the view of residents and faculty members, the decentralization of this exam has some benefits, there are many deficiencies which must be addressed in order to attain greater effectiveness.

Keywords

Faculty members Clinical residents Promotion and certification exams Decentralized

© 2016, Strides in Development of Medical Education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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