Factors Affecting Undergraduate Students’ Academic Failure in Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran; A Case-Control Study

AUTHORS

Ali-Akbar Haghdoost 1 , Mahshid Loloie 2 , Azam Bazrafshan 3 , Maryam Okhovati 4 , Ali Mohammad Mokhtari 5 , Morteza Zare 6 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Ph.D. in Epidemiology, Professor, Department of Epidemiology AND for HIV/AIDS Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

2 M.Sc. in Environmental Health, Instructor, Environmental Health Engineering Research Center, School of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

3 M.Sc. in Library and Information Science Medicine, Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

4 Ph.D. in Library and Information Science Medicine, Assistant Professor, Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

5 Ph.D. Candidate in Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, Iran

6 M.Sc. in Epidemiology, Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 13 (5); e57551
Published Online: December 22, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 04, 2017
Accepted: August 29, 2015

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Abstract

Background & Objective: academic failure has always been one of the major challenges of higher education institutions that could cause serious individual and social outcomes. This study aimed to analysis the effect of potential factors on students’ academic failure in Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

Methods: This was an unmatched case-control study. The study population consisted of all undergraduate students of Kerman University of Medical Sciences in two semesters in 2012. From 514 selected students, 246 were assigned to the case group and the rest were studied in the control group. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire via consensus methodology. The questionnaire consisted of three sections: individual, family and academic factors. Reliability of the questionnaire was approved by a group of faculty members and its internal consistency was estimated as 0.82. Data were analyzed using SPSS software.

Results: The mean age of studied students was 22.2 years. The mean grade point average (GPA) of was 14.2 and 16.9 in cases and controls, respectively. Academic failure was 1.64 times more in boys than the girls (P = 0.02) and 1.59 times more in students who had a sense of frustration (P = 0.02). Students who reported using drugs, tobacco or alcohol experienced academic failure 6.39 times more than the others (P = 0.01).

Conclusion: Academic failure is a phenomenon affected by multiple factors. Therefore, reducing it requires the participation of a wide range of people taking part in students’ learning.

Keywords

Academic failure Students Learning Undergraduate

© 2016, Strides in Development of Medical Education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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