A Study of the Relationship between Resilience and Academic Burnout in Nursing Students

AUTHORS

Somayeh Kamalpour 1 , mansooreh Azizzade Forouzi 2 , Batool Tirgary 3 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 M.Sc. in Nursing, Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

2 M.Sc. in Nursing, Instructor, Department of Internal-Surgical Nursing AND Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

3 Ph.D. in Nursing, Assistant Professor, Department of Internal-Surgical Nursing AND Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Strides in Development of Medical Education: 13 (5); e57533
Published Online: December 22, 2016
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 04, 2017
Accepted: August 13, 2016

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Nurses experience numerous stressors. Nursing students, despite their limited experience, are forced to face many stressors and this will cause academic burnout among them. Resiliency has a key role in the reduction of negative consequences and increasing of positive consequences of stress, and thus, can impact academic burnout. This study was performed to determine the relationship between resiliency and academic burnout in nursing students of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

Methods: This descriptive-correlational study was conducted on 161 nursing students. Demographic characteristics form, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), and Academic Burnout Questionnaire (Breso et al.) were used to collect data. The results were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient, independent t-test, and ANOVA in SPSS software. P < 0.05 was considered as the significant level.

Results: In this study, 154 (95.7%) participants were 19-24 years old, of whom, 62.7% were women and 37.3% were men. The mean scores of academic burnout and resiliency were 41.56 ± 8.65 and 66.32 ± 11.57, respectively. The results of Pearson correlation coefficient indicated an inverse statistical correlation between academic burnout and resiliency (r = -0.26, P = 0.001).

Conclusion: In the present study, a significant relationship was observed between academic burnout and resiliency among nursing students of Kerman University of Medical Sciences.‎ Students with higher resiliency reported lower academic burnout.

Keywords

Resiliency Academic burnout Nursing student

© 2016, Strides in Development of Medical Education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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